During the transformation of the Polish economy, millions of Polish citizens migrated to Western Europe for regular and irregular work, often on a temporary basis. In comparison to other EU countries, Poland is still not considered an attractive destination country for regular and irregular immigrants. Apart from small, settled, irregular resident populations from Vietnam and Armenia, the majority of irregular migrants - mostly temporary irregular workers on regular tourist visas - come from neighbouring Ukraine and Belarus.
CLANDESTINO Policy Brief (July 2009)
Stocks (October 2009)